In the “Notice on Recommending the Third Batch of Green Manufacturing Lists” recently issued by the General Office of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the green supply chain part included textiles and apparel in the scope of declaration for the first time, encouraging representative, influential, and operating companies in the industry. Core manufacturing enterprises with strong strength and good foundation in green supply chain management apply for demonstration enterprises of green supply chain management.
In recent years, the China National Textile and Apparel Council has taken "science and technology, green, and fashion" as the new positioning of the textile industry, advocating the industry to use green raw materials, green design, green production, and recycling applications as the starting point to continuously promote the green development of the textile industry. However, there is still much room for improvement in the green development of the textile industry. In practice, it is necessary to continuously improve the concept and grasp the key points. In particular, it is urgent to seek greater breakthroughs in the development of the green supply chain.
1. Innovate management methods and strengthen collaborative transformation
The rapid development of the textile industry has brought a large amount of energy resource consumption and pollutant emissions. According to 2012 environmental statistics, among the 41 industrial industries surveyed, the textile industry’s wastewater discharge volume was 2.37 billion tons, ranking third; the textile industry’s COD emissions ranked fourth in the industrial sector.
In order to break the resource and environmental constraints and accelerate the green development of the textile industry, while strengthening government supervision, it is also necessary to innovate environmental management methods, especially to strengthen the application of marketization and socialization methods, and form a synergy of government supervision, market drive and public participation The management mechanism has played a set of combination punches to promote the green transformation and development of enterprises. Green supply chain management is a market-based innovative environmental management method, which relies on the supply relationship formed by core enterprises and upstream and downstream enterprises, takes procurement as the link, and is formed through the green supplier management and green procurement carried out by core enterprises Positive incentives drive the improvement of the green level of upstream and downstream enterprises.
As far as the textile industry is concerned, its industrial chain is long, and the ecological environment caused by the manufacturing process is large; the seasonal characteristics of the terminal products are obvious, and they are consumables, which are in large social demand. By creating a green supply chain, giving play to the leading role of enterprises, especially leading enterprises, and forming a pattern of "points with lines and lines with areas", textile products can be designed, produced, distributed, sold, recycled, reused, processed, etc. Environmental management is carried out in the link, and at the same time, the behavior of designers, suppliers, producers, logistics providers, distributors, consumers, etc. will be promoted to form an environmentally friendly textile production and consumption model, and reduce the overall life cycle of textiles. Ecological environmental impact.
2. Improving the institutional environment and guiding enterprises to practice vigorously
In recent years, the state has issued the "Industrial Green Development Plan (2016-2020)", "Green Manufacturing Engineering Implementation Guide (2016-2020)", "Textile Industry Development Plan (2016-2020)", and "About the Development of Green Manufacturing System A series of policy standards such as the “Notice of Construction” and “Guidelines for Green Supply Chain Management of Green Manufacturing Enterprises” have implemented supporting projects such as green manufacturing demonstrations, and actively guide leading textile and other industries to build green supply chains. The "Textile Industry Development Plan (2016-2020)" clearly stated that "to carry out pilot projects of green supply chain management, build a textile recycling system from raw materials, production, marketing, consumption to recycling and reuse, and cultivate green supply chain demonstration enterprises." In the "Notice on the Development of the Green Manufacturing System", the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has carried out two batches of green manufacturing demonstration work in the four key areas of green products, green factories, green parks and green supply chains. In the batch demonstration work, the textile and garment industry has been added to the green supply chain demonstration field, which has an important role in promoting the discovery of outstanding green supply chain management enterprises in the textile industry, establishing industry models, and driving the green development of the industry.
In addition to state promotion, some third-party organizations have also carried out related practices. In 2008, the Natural Resources Conservation Association launched the "Cleaning Starts with Design" project to guide multinational clothing brands and retailers to build a green supply chain to reduce the environmental impact of related factories. The Natural Resources Protection Association report shows that in 2016, more than 20 printing and dyeing enterprises in my country have saved nearly 4 million tons of water, more than 30,000 tons of coal, and saved more than 8 million US dollars through relevant transformations.
In 2014, the Public and Environmental Research Center and the Natural Resources Conservation Association jointly developed the green supply chain CITI index, which is used to evaluate the environmental management performance of the supply chain of enterprises in the textile and electronics industries. The "2017 Green Supply Chain CITI Index" shows that the green supply chains created by textile companies such as H&M, GAP, Adidas, Nike, Esquel, Li Ning, Youngor, etc., have already played an exemplary role in the industry.
3. Identify the key points and comprehensively improve the green level
From a global perspective, foreign textile companies have taken the lead in applying green supply chains in practice. Some multinational companies have become industry benchmarks and have more or less promoted the green development of the industry. From a domestic perspective, although relevant policy standards have existed and some corporate practices have emerged, there are still very few domestic companies that are truly engaged in green supply chain management. In order to mobilize the enthusiasm of textile enterprises to build a green supply chain, it is recommended to focus on the following tasks:
First of all, provide clear directions. Since most textile companies do not have high awareness of the green supply chain, they don't know what it is, let alone how to do it. Therefore, there are obviously fewer textile companies that actively extend corporate social responsibility and build a green supply chain. In order to guide enterprises to participate, on the one hand, it is recommended to organize industry experts and outstanding enterprises to go deep into places, especially in the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and other textile enterprise clusters, to carry out green supply chain policy publicity and experience sharing, and to increase enterprises’ recognition of this work. Know and understand. On the other hand, it is proposed to introduce the "Guidelines for Green Supply Chain Management in the Textile and Apparel Industry", which will first be presented in the form of group standards or industry standards, and will be upgraded to national standards when conditions are ripe, providing a model reference for enterprises to build a green supply chain; The "Textile Industry Green Supply Chain Evaluation Index" provides a more objective basis for the government or third-party agencies to discover outstanding textile companies.
Secondly, a stable positive incentive is formed. Promoting the green development of the textile industry is a systematic project that involves multiple links, multiple parties, multiple systems, and multiple mechanisms. It is difficult to achieve overnight. Among them, the production link is the most critical, and the green production of upstream companies is the focus of green supply chain management. To promote green production of textiles, the most important thing is to reduce water consumption and reduce related pollutant emissions. To this end, it is necessary to carry out ecological design, improve production technology, and purchase advanced environmental treatment facilities. But for enterprises, this often means hard investment, and these inputs will be passed along the industrial chain step by step, and finally reflected in the terminal textile sales price. From the perspective of the whole life cycle, the environmental impact of green textiles has been reduced, but its price has risen. In the current situation where a green consumption atmosphere has not yet formed, it is difficult for green textiles to gain market competitive advantage. In order to solve this dilemma, while tightening environmental law enforcement and judicial efforts, it is also necessary to form stable and continuous positive incentives, especially to increase tax reductions and exemptions for green textile enterprises, and lower the approval threshold for green credit and green bonds. So that companies can benefit from green behavior, so as to mobilize the enthusiasm of the majority of textile companies to participate in green supply chain management.
Once again, grasp the key aspects of the work. The textile industry chain is long, involving fiber manufacturing, spinning, weaving, printing and dyeing, clothing, washing, packaging and other links. Of course, the ecological environment impacts of different links will vary. Among them, the printing and dyeing process has the greatest impact on the ecological environment. Therefore, we should grasp the key to the problem and focus on guiding printing and dyeing purchasing companies to build a green supply chain, which can drive printing and dyeing companies to improve their green production levels. In addition, companies that produce end-of-line textiles also need to focus on. Compared with other enterprises in the industrial chain, these enterprises are at the end of the industrial chain and have a stronger driving force for the entire industrial chain. If a scientific green supply chain management system can be established, it can be used for product design, production, transportation, etc. Comprehensive environmental management is carried out in the link. After locking in these two types of entities, companies with a relatively high market share can be guided to take the lead in building a green supply chain in order to achieve a multiplier effect with half the effort, and to maximize the improvement of the green level of the entire chain. In addition to manufacturing companies, large-scale e-commerce platforms, supermarkets and shopping malls also have a strong industry driving force. This is because terminal textiles are mainly sold on these large platforms or places. By guiding such entities to build a green supply chain, especially by controlling green procurement, and conducting scientific management of suppliers, the incentive effect can be transferred to textile production and logistics enterprises step by step, and related enterprises can be promoted to improve the level of green development.
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